Glossary

ailments 

illnesses or diseases.

alliance                

an agreement to work or fight together.

ally                       

someone who will support you in times of trouble.

banished              

sent away and not allowed to return.

Catholic               

a member of the Roman Catholic Church, headed by the Pope.

colonies                

new countries where settlers go to live.

colonists               

people who settle in a new country.

committed            

determined to do.

confessed             

admitted to doing something.

confident              

a confident person is someone who is sure about themselves and their ability to succeed.

courtier                

someone who was part of the royal court and often lived with the king or queen.

defeated               

won, destroyed.      

executions            

to take somebody’s life. To kill somebody.

government          

a group of people who run the country. The monarch and his council.

Hans Holbein       

an artist who was well known for his portrait’s of royals and other important people.

heir                      

a person who has the birthright to become the next King or Queen.

honour                 

one’s good name or reputation. For example, the Queen’s honour.

High spirited

     full of energy.

kingdom               

place or country ruled by a King or Queen.

Lady in waiting     

a person who serves the King or Queen

lawyers                

people who give advice about legal matters.

merchants            

people who buy or sell things for other people.

monarch              

King or Queen.

monarchy             

members of the royal family.

natives                 

persons born from another place.

noblemen            

rich and important men who lived in the country and had titles. For example, the Duke of Norfolk.

Pope                     

he is the Head of the Roman Catholic Church. The Pope was also the Head of the Church of England, until Henry VIII made himself the Head so he could get divorced.

portrait                

a painting of a person.

positive impression 

making a person look good, for example, beautiful, handsome, 

precious stones    

such as sapphires, diamonds and rubies, etc., which are worth a lot of money.

Protector             

was a person who helped the King to rule his kingdom, until he was old enough to do it himself.

Protestant            

a Christian religion that broke away from the Catholic Church. Protestants wanted an English prayer book, a simple church service and thought that priests should be allowed to marry.

realm                   

a kingdom.

spices                   

used to flavour foods.

succeeded            

to inherit (gain) a title after the death of a relative.

symbol                 

a mark or sign that stands for something. For example, the Red Rose stood for the House of Lancaster and White Rose for the House of York.

The New World   

a term used to describe the land of the Americas’ when it was discovered.

traders                 

people who buy and sell things for a living.

trading routes      

places or countries where traders could go, to buy or sell their goods.

unbecoming         

not a good way to act, behaving in an improper way. For example, un-lady like, not fitting for a Queen.

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