Hawaii

Where is Hawaii?

Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean and is 2000 miles away from the United States mainland. The Hawaiian Islands are really the tops of volcanoes that are millions of years old. Hawaii was discovered by a British explorer James Cook in 1778. It is sometimes known as the Big Island because it is the largest in a group of islands.

Hawaii became a state (50th) in August 1959. It is the only US state not in North America and the only one that is completely surrounded by water. Hawaii’s nickname is the Aloha State. Aloha means both welcome and farewell.






Nineteen islands and atolls extending across 2400 km (1500 miles) make up the Hawaiian Archipelago. The main islands are the eight high islands at the south-eastern end of the island chain. These are Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe, Maui and the Island of Hawaii.



State Flag

The eight stripes of white, red and blue represent the eight main islands of Hawaii. The union Jack (flag of Great Britain) is in the upper left hand corner of the flag links to Hawaii’s relationship with the British.



Facts:

  • Capital: Honolulu
  • State Nickname: The Aloha State
  • Area: 10 932 sq miles (Hawaii is the 43rd biggest state in the USA)
  • Official Languages: English and Hawaiian
  • Largest city: Honolulu
  • Temperature: 85ºF in Summer and 75ºF in Winter.
  • Population: 1 211 537
  • Major River: Wailuku River
  • State flower: Yellow Hibiscus 
  • State bird: the Nene
  • Native mammals: the seal and the bat
Hawaii has many beautiful beaches. People from all around the world go to Hawaii to surf because there are such good waves there. It is famous for palm trees. 




Mauna Lua is the tallest volcano on the Island of Hawaii. From sea floor to the summit it towers more than 5.6 miles (9 km). It is also the second largest volcano on the island. It began erupting about 800 000 years ago. It has erupted several times in the last 10 000 years. The most recent eruption was about 3500 years ago. Mount Kea is considered to be a dormant volcano.





Kilauea (Kee-luh-way-uh) is the youngest and southeastern most volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. The Hawaiian name ‘Kilauea’ means ‘spewing’ or ‘much spreading’, which refers to the lava flows that it erupts. It is Hawaii’s most active volcano and has been erupting since 1983. The number of historical eruptions is sixty one. Kilauea is the home of Pele, the Hawaiian volcano goddess.


Subpages (1): Volcanoes