Greece

Where is Greece? Look at the map to find the location of Greece in relation to Europe.



Map of Greece



Greece is located on a peninsula that extends into the Mediterranean Sea. As you can see in the map above, Greece is almost completely surrounded by water. Greece is also made up of many islands. There are over 160 permanently inhabited islands and hundreds more small uninhabited islands.

On the northern boarders of Greece, the neighbouring countries include, Albania (282km), The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (228km), Bulgaria (494km) and Turkey (206km). However most of Greece’s land mass is surrounding by sea (13,676km), including, the Ionian, Mediterranean and Aegean Sea. 

Facts About Greece

  • Official Language: Greek
  • Capital: Athens 
  • Geographic size: 130,800 sq km
  • Population: 10,939,605
  • Religion: Greek Orthodoxy
  • Currency: Euro
  • Physical Features: Mostly Mountains with ranges extending into the sea or chains of islands
  • Climate: Warm Temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers
  • Natural Resources: Lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnetite, marble, salt 
  • Marine & Animal Life: Sea turtles and other rare marine life live in the seas around Greece. The forests provide a home to Western Europe’s last brown bears and lynx as well as Wolf, Roe Deer, Wild Goat, Fox and Wild Boar. 

Flag of Greece

The Flag of Greece is made up of nine horizontal stripes of blue and white. The nine stripes are said to represent the nine syllables of the battle cry Eleutheria I thanatos (“Freedom or Death”). The white cross symbolises the religion of the country, Greek Orthodoxy.



National Coat of Arms



Mount Olympus

Mount Olympus is the highest point in Greece. It stands at 2,917 metres above sea level.




Physical Features

Much of Greece is mountainous and rocky, with the occasional plain. The Pindus Mountains start in Northern Greece and stretch south to the Gulf of Patra. In the southern part of Greece are the Peloponnesus Mountains.



Houses

Most people in Greece live along the coast, or along rivers and harbours.



Culture

The Greeks still maintain very strong traditions, such as folk dancing. Many local shops still sell goods created by hand.


Points of Interest

The people of Greece were one of the earliest civilizations. Greece still has many ancient ruins, some over 4000 years old. Greece also has many medieval churches.




Greece is also well known for its sculptures, paintings, pottery, poetry and playwriting.






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