Denmark

A map of Europe



Where is Denmark?

The Kingdom of Denmark is the smallest Nordic country. It is inScandinavia, in northern Europe. Its borders are the Baltic Seaand the North Sea. It is on a peninsula and has a number of islands. It is north of Germany and Poland, southwest of Swedenand south of Norway.

The capital city is Copenhagen.



The Danish Flag

The Danish flag is called 'Dannebrog', and means 'the flag of the Danes' or 'the red flag'.




Geography of Denmark

Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark. The Danish name for the city means Merchants' Harbour.

5.330.000 people live in Denmark. The total area is just 43.000 square kilometres. This means that we have around 120 inhabitants per square kilometre. Compared to the USA, Denmark is densely populated, because there are only 29 Americans per square kilometre. But compared to Holland, Denmark isn't bad, because in Holland they have 385 people per square kilometre.

Most Danes live in the cities. Approximately 1.1 million people live in the capital, Copenhagen. Only about one million Danes live in the actual countryside, and many of these drive to the cities to work every day, if they're not farmers. There are 57.831 farms in Denmark.


Surrounded by the sea 

The sea is very important to Denmark. Both for tourism, theclimate, the culture and of course for fishing. There's never far to the sea in Denmark.
Actually, it's impossible to find a place in Denmark more than 60 or 70 kilometres from the ocean. And we have many lovely beaches, because we have such a long coastline: 7300 kilometres. There are a total of 500 harbours in Denmark, 80 ferry routes and a lot of bridges. The two largest are the Great Belt Bridge and the Tresund Bridge to Sweden. The Great Belt Bridge is one of the greatest bridge constructions in the world. Its total length is 13.4 kilometres.

Weather and Climate

Denmark is situated in what is known as the temperate zone and has coastal climate. That basically means that the weather changes all the time. It's never really hot or really cold. One day the sun shines and the next it rains. It's often windy and most often the wind is from the west.

The coldest winter month is February. There are periods with frost and periods with thaw, and sometimes it changes from day to day.

The warmest months are June, July and August. We might get what Danes refer to as a heat wave with temperatures around 30 degrees for several weeks.

Most rain and snow fall in the autumn and winter months. All in all we get 610 milimetres of rain and snow per year, spread over 160 days. Now, this doesn't mean that it pours down 160 days of the year. Sometimes we get a shower and, then, a moment later, sunshine. This is typical of a coastal climate - it changes all the time. 

A hilly Country!!!



There are no mountains in Denmark, but plenty of hills. The average height in Denmark is 30 metres above sea level. The highest hill in Denmark is called Yding Skovhøj. It lies in Jutland and is 173 metres high.

The Danish Government

Margrethe II of Denmark (born April 16, 1940) is the current Queen ofDenmark. Though the Queen may be regarded as the government's symbolic head, it is the Prime Minister who actually governs the country.



Amalienborg Castle in Copenhagen, where the royal family lives most of the year.



The government building is called Christiansborg. It houses the Danish Parliament, called "Folketinget".

The political system of Denmark is built on democratic principles. That means that the population elects the politicians who are going to decide how Denmark should be run. The Danish Parliament has 179 members, of which two are from Greenland and two from the Faroe Islands.

A general election must be held at least every four years, but the prime ministers can call an election any time within the four years.

Denmark has a government led by prime minister Anders Fogh Rasmussenfrom the Liberals.

Wealth

Denmark is among the richest countries in the world. Denmark has been a commercial and sea-faring nation since the Viking age. We still do a lot of trade today, and one of the largest shipping companies in the world, Maersk Sealand, is Danish. And Denmark is well known for our bacon and our butter.

We also export many other things. We sell quite a bit of oil, furniture andelectronic parts, for example for mobile phones.

In addition to this we export a lot of good cheese, plenty of fish and lots ofpotted plants - and of course beer and lego bricks. And if you spot awindmill somewhere in the world, it's possibly Danish.


Danish Money

Krone is the name of the currency used in Denmark.