India


Where Is India Located?

The Republic of India is a large country in South Asia, and one of only two countries in the world with a population of over one billion. India shares its borders with Pakistan, thePeople's Republic of China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Afghanistan1. Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia are nearby island nations in the Indian Ocean. India's entire north and northeast states are made up of the Himalayan Range Towards western India, bordering southeast Pakistan, lies the Thar Desert. India is home to several major rivers such as the Ganga (Ganges).

The Indian Flag



What is the Capital Of India?

New Delhi is the capital of India, New Delhi is the third largest metropolis in India. There are two areas to New Dehli, old New Dehli and the modern New Dehli. Modern new Dehli has attractions for the visitor such as the India Gate, a memorial raised in honour of the Indian soldiers killed during the Afghan war. The green lawns around the India Gate are a popular meeting place for young and old alike.

The old gate.


Other Places Of Interest

The city of Varanasi is one of the oldest cities in the world and one of the most sacred places in India for Hindus. The banks of the Ganges river in Varansi is lined with temples below which are stepscalled ‘ghats’ that lead down into the water. These ghats allow people to pray by the river. Other ghats are used for cremations. Each day many bodies are burned here and the ashes scattered on the Ganges.



The Taj Mahal at Agra is one of the most famous buildings in the world. The Emperor Shah was heartbroken when his wife Mumtaz died in 1631. He ordered the construction of a white marble mausoleum for her that is often described as being the most extravagant monument ever built for love. It took 20 years to build and involved a workforce of thousands.



Which is the main religion in India?

There are sixteen different religions in India and all respect each other.

Interesting Facts About India:

Population
1,068,572,000

Capital
New Delhi 295,000

Religion
Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi

Languages
Hindi, English, 14 other official languages There are, on one Indian banknote, fourteen different languages, all of which are protected.

Literacy
60%

Life Expectancy
63

Currency
Indian rupee

Economy
Industry: textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining.

Agriculture: rice, wheat, oil seed, cotton; cattle; fish.

Exports: textile goods, gems and jewellery, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures