Facts 1

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. It is an island, surrounded by water and is located on the smallest continent in the world which is called Oceania .

Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere or south of the equator. The UK is in the Northern Hemisphere or north of the equator. This means that when it is summer in the UK , it is winter in Australia and when it is winter in the UK , it is summer in Australia .


Most of Central Australia is hot, dry desert land and many people live near the coast where it is cooler. In these areas, the climate is similar to that in the UK although temperatures tend to be a bit warmer. In the north of Australia there is a large rain forest and the weather is wet and hot.


  • Population in Australia : 20.4 million approximately
  • Population in UK : 60.8 million approximately
  • Geographic size of Australia : 7,686,850 square km
  • Geographic size of UK : 244,820 square km

Even though Australia is much larger than the UK there are not as many people living there. This is because a lot of the land is uninhabitable (not suitable for people to live there).

States and Territories

Australia is divided into six states and two territories and the Capital City is Canberra , although this is not the largest city. Other Major cities include: Brisbane, Sydney, Perth, Melbourne, and Adelaide. Sydney has the largest population, it is the main commercial city and has the largest port. Melbourne is the second largest city and is also important for business.

The Flag

The Australian flag has a dark blue background with the Union Jack of the UK in the top left corner showing that Australia is part of the Commonwealth. Underneath this is a large white 7-pointed star called the Commonwealth Star that represents the seven states and territories of Australia . It also has five other white stars to show the Southern Cross, a pattern of stars that can be seen in the Australian sky.

Town Life

More than 85% of Australians live and work in the cities in the south-eastern corner of the country. Most of the houses in the city are large with gardens at the front and the back. The gardens get larger the further away from the centre of the city the house is. Some houses even have space for a swimming pool. Neighbourhoods are friendly and most people know each other. City life in Australia is similar to city life in the UK although the houses don’t often have large gardens and many people live in flats or apartments. Also cities in the UK tend to be more crowded.

Country Life

Life in the countryside is very different to life in the cities. In Australia , the countryside is called the Outback. Many people in the Outback are farmers, fruit growers or miners. People in the Outback live so far away from their neighbours they have to drive in order to see them. They usually only go to the shops once a week and children who live here don’t go to school. They have lessons over the radio and internet and meet up with their class mates once a year at a holiday camp. If people are ill in the Outback, they have to call the Flying Doctor because they live so far away from the nearest doctor or hospital.


All Australian children must go to school just like English children. In Australia , children begin school at five or six years old. In towns and cities, children go to Primary school first, then Secondary school when they are 12 years old. The school year begins in January or early February and ends in December.

There are about 30 children in each class, school starts at 9.00am and finishes at about 3.00pm. The children wear a school uniform and have lessons in English, maths, science and technology, drama, history, geography, scripture, music, art and sport. They can also stay to after school classes such as choir, tennis club and ballet.

Aboriginal People

The native people to Australia are called Aboriginies. These are the people who lived inAustralia before white people began to settle there. Most Aboriginies live in desert towns in the Outback. Aboriginal children also go to school. There lessons include English, maths, geography and Aboriginal studies.

Famous Landmarks in Australia